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Evangel University; Springfield Greene County Library
O'Reilly General Hospital of Springfield, Missouri

Introduction

ABOUT O'REILLY: A BRIEF INTRODUCTION. By Michael Glenn


In February 1941, Springfield was chosen as the site of the O'Reilly General Army hospital, to be located on a reservation bounded by Division, Fremont, Pythian and Glenstone Avenue, an area later occupied in large part by Evangel University.


The staff of O'Reilly was recognized as among the best among Army hospital staff. This was a result of an early decision made by the post commander. In May 1941, Colonel George B. Foster Jr. declared his intention to make O'Reilly the "hospital with a soul." Foster's emphasis on excellent heath care was later recognized by the Army Surgeon General as a model for most Army hospitals and the "best in the Nation."


By the end of 1941, the United States was totally committed to World War II, and the Hospital took on new importance, as long term medical care became necessary for returning soldiers. O'Reilly staff served over 100,000 patients during the hospital's five years of operation. Forty-two thousand of those patients were wounded and injured soldiers. In addition 60,000 military dependents were also cared for. A few P.O.W.s were also treated.


Once the war ended, the army's need for a hospital of this size changed. In September 1946, O'Reilly closed as an Army facility. In February 1947, operation of the Hospital was begun by the United States Veterans Administration, and was soon serving patients at the rate of 1800 per year. In August 1952, The Veteran's Administration closed O'Reilly, beginning several years of idleness and political wrangling for the property and buildings. In December 1954, the property was acquired by the General Council of the Assemblies of God paving the way for the creation of Evangel College.


Fifty years later, Smith Park, the Army Reserve, Army National Guard and Evangel University have replaced most of the 250 buildings on O'Reilly's original 160-acre site. Some landmarks from O'Reilly remain; the post chapel was moved and serves as a church at Seminole and Lone Pine. Southwest Missouri State University's McDonald Arena was the site of O'Reilly's physical conditioning battalion. At Evangel, the Administration building facing the flagpole on Glenstone, was the post headquarters building. Nearby, a few of the former wards are still linked by original corridors that connected buildings at the hospital. One of the most striking buildings associated with the hospital was the Enlisted Men's Service Club, built originally as the Pythian Home by the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal organization. The service club was the location of various recreational activities, including entertainment, parties etc.

The Collection

This collection includes 194 pictures of the old military barracks, hospital operating rooms, a map, and history of this wartime facility at Springfield, Missouri.

Rights and Reproductions

The text and images contained in this collection are intended for research and educational use only. The photos are owned by Evangel University, who retain all rights. Inquiries should be made to: Woodvall Moore, Director, Klaude Kendrick Library, Evangel University, 1111 N. Glenstone, Springfield, Missouri 65802. Phone number:(417)865-2811.


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